No home is immune to foundation damage. If you’ve spotted signs of foundation damage such as cracks or bowing of foundation walls, you’re not alone. A recent study on insurance claims found that at least one in every 50 insured homes requires foundation repair every year.
While foundations are bound to succumb to wear and tear over time, timely repair of your foundation can help to safeguard your home as well as to prevent costly repairs.
There are several methods available for foundation repair. Understanding the different methods will help you find the solution or combination of solutions that will work best for your circumstances.
The following are the three most common solutions contractors use for foundation repair.
- Repair of bulking or bowing walls
Foundation walls bow or buckle as pressure is exerted on them from outside. This pressure is often the result of increased hydrostatic pressure on the wall when the soil absorbs excessive water.
The most common solution for this is the application of carbon fiber to reinforce the wall. This prevents further inward movement of the wall. It reinforces the wall and spreads the pressure acting on the wall. This solution is fairly easy to install, requires no maintenance and provides long term benefits.
- Repair of foundation cracks
Foundation cracks are fairly common. However, they shouldn’t be taken lightly. Even cracks that seem small and dry can become large and an inlet for water over time. It is therefore important to deal with cracks as soon as possible.
One of the most common methods used by contractors to repair cracks is to seal them with epoxy injection. This helps to prevent water from entering the basement. It is often used in combination with carbon fiber reinforcement to prevent further cracking.
- Repair of sunken foundations
If a foundation lacks adequate support, it can sink into the ground. Foundation piercing is the most common solution applied by professional contractors to resolve this issue.
Foundation piercing involves the installation of piers beneath the foundation of the house. The piers are pushed into the soil until they hit stable soil. The piers can be adjusted to lift the foundation and level it out. The piers thereafter act as the support for the foundation.
In many instances, contractors will use a combination of repair methods. This ensures that different issues are dealt with in the repair and provides better results in the long term.
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