You’ll hear it time and again, that every foundation settles over time. This is as a result of the force of gravity on the physical structure of your home. It is the natural process through which new homes sink into the ground gradually. Every house experiences this over the years. However, the speed at which it occurs largely depends on the soil composition and the climate.
A few inches of settlement over the years is nothing that should worry you. However, there are situations that require foundation repair.
If your home is experiencing chronic or extreme foundation settling, this could compromise the integrity of the foundation of your home. It is important to have your foundation inspected to ensure that it is repaired before the problem becomes serious.
There are two major types of foundation settlement problems you should be worried about.
As concrete cures, it shrinks. The gaps formed on the edges of foundation walls and slab is evidence of this process. The process is not only about losing water but also involves chemical reactions. The level of shrinkage will depend on various factors including:
- The amount of water used in the concrete
- The concrete mix
- Humidity levels
- Groundwater levels
- Sun exposure
- Aggregate type amongst other conditions.
Shrinkage usually occurs under and around openings such as doorways and basement windows. It can also occur near or in the middle of the foundational walls if construction did not include the use of control joints.
The effects of time are the opposite on brick foundations. Brick has a tendency to grow slowly over time. The bricks above ground are most susceptible to rapid size gains. The bricks below ground level are also susceptible to expansion as a result of moisture gain especially in climates that experience freezing temperatures.
When to Call the Pros
It can be tricky for homeowners to determine whether foundation cracks are as a result of normal settling or a foundation problem. The following are signs that you need to call a professional fork foundation repair.
- Jagged wall cracks running at a 45 degree angle throughout the home.
- Sticking doors and windows for no apparent reason
- Water leaking into the basement
- Cracks and gaps in the roof
Foundation repair problems can lead to problems in other areas in the home. It is therefore important to repair your foundation as soon as possible. Contact us today!